According to statistics from the Ontario Collision Database, 67,291 people were involved in road accidents during 2016. Many of these accidents resulted in loss of life and were situations that could have been avoided with proper road-safety training.
- Pedestrian Safety
Pedestrians are not exempt from learning road safety rules. In fact they must be even more vigilant because pedestrians end up worse off when involved in road accidents. All that you need to do to keep yourself safe as a pedestrian is remember a few simple rules.
First thing to be wary of local traffic conventions. Identify whether the traffic in your current country drives on the right or the left so that you know which way to look first when crossing the road. Those same local conventions may include rules about how to properly use crossings.
The second part is keeping your eyes open for potential trouble. Reckless drivers will not see you easily however if you notice someone swerving too close to the sidewalk up ahead then you might want to consider crossing to the other side. Being 'in the right' won't help you heal faster when you refuse to get out of the way.
- Cycling Safety
If pedestrians are considered high risk then cyclists are in perpetual danger.
Cycling in some cities is better than in others. Ontario does its best to maintain bicycle lanes however cyclists and motorcyclists in Ontario still have higher mortality rates when they do get into accidents. This is why safety-gear is so important.
Helmets must be worn by all cyclists and motorcyclists. Head injuries are common when falling off a bike which is why helmets are required by law. Other safety equipment such as high-visibility jackets are optional however they are recommended especially for cyclists cycling at night.
Whenever a cyclist or motorcyclist is on the road they are always safer if they drive as if they are driving a vehicle.
- Defensive Driving
Defensive driving is a form or driving where the driver takes preventative measures against other people's bad driving. Defensive drivers understand that accidents can happen even if they are driving carefully and would rather survive any potential accidents than win the moral high-ground. If done well then defensive driving can save you from drunk drivers and poor weather.
The first principle of defensive driving is to drive carefully. People who take risks are the ones who cause accidents and you would rather let them get laid up in hospital on their own. Defensive drivers also drive with their headlights always on to increase visibility and dip them when cars approach from the opposite direction.
Defensive drivers always stick to the speed limit. They do this to keep everyone else safe as well and will only overtake when absolutely necessary.
- Accidents Still Happen
Despite every safety precaution that you try to employ there is a good chance that you will still end up in an accident. Before this happens you want to make sure that your car is stocked with a warning triangle, spare tyre, a jack and a first aid kit. If an accident does happen then these items will be life-savers.
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